Rabat- A recent report released by Stockholm International Peace Research Institute lists Morocco as the second largest arms importer in Africa, with a rate of 12 percent of imports in 2013-17. Meanwhile, Algeria tops the list of arms importers in Africa with 52 percent  African arms imports.Morocco’s main arms suppliers are the US with 52 percent share of imports, followed by France with 44 percent and Italy 1.4 percent.Morocco ranks ahead of Nigeria, whose rate of imports accounted for 5.1 percent. The report notes that arms reports by African nations decreased by 22 percent between 2008-2012 and 2013-2017. States in sub-Saharan Africa, according to the report, received 32 percent of total African imports between 2013 and 2017.The top five largest sub-Saharan countries during the period were Nigeria, Sudan, Angola, Cameroon, and Ethiopia. The countries’ rate of arms imports stood at 56 percent to the subregion.The U.S., China, and Russia are the main arms suppliers to Africa. Despite the decrease of Russian arms exports to Africa between 2013 and 2017, Russia accounted for 39 percent of total imports to the region. Algeria is the biggest beneficiary of Russia’s exports to the continent with a total 78 percent of arms transfers.China’s arms exports to the continent saw an increase of 55 percent between 2008-12 and 2013-2017. Meanwhile, the U.S accounted for 11 percent of arms exports to Africa in 2013-2017.The International Peace Research Institute in Stockholm, which works on research on conflict and arms control, listed Morocco the thirtieth largest arms importer in the world. whereas it was previously ranked 24th in 2016. This represents a decline of 52 percent, according to Moroccan newspaper Al Massae.Morocco also ranked the second highest arms importer in Africa in 2016, with a rate of 15 percent. Algeria topped the list with 46 percent of imports.Since 2012, deliveries to Morocco have reached EUR 655.2 million against 212 million for Algeria. The two countries are, along with Egypt, the main purchasers of French armaments on the continent. The report also notes that Morocco was the 10th largest buyer of French armaments in the world from 2007 to 2016.The kingdom leads the list of military equipment orders. In 2016, Morocco ordered EUR 89.9 million in weaponry from France, compared to EUR 63.7 million by Algeria. Since 2012, Morocco’s orders totaled EUR 800.7 million, compared to EUR 295.5 million for its eastern neighbor and EUR 23.7 million for Tunisia. read more


first_imgBut in women there was no significant variation.Researchers called on doctors to advice male patients at risk of heart disease to have more sex.In a report on their findings they said: “This is the first study of its kind to evaluate the correlation between sexual frequency and homocysteine levels.”A good quality sex life, frequent sex and libido are all related to health in the middle-aged and elderly.”Increased sexual frequency could have a protective effect on general health and quality of life – especially in men – so doctors should support patients’ sexual activity.’Dr Mike Knapton from the British Heart Foundation said the study produced an “interesting result” but did not prove regular sex reduced homocysteine levels.He said: “A relationship does exist between sex and heart disease risk.”Checking your blood pressure and cholesterol, as well as keeping active and not smoking, remain the best ways to ensure a healthy future.”A major review of scientific data in 2015 found raised homocysteine levels increased the risk of death from heart disease by 66 per cent. Doctors have long suspected  that frequent sex can reduce the risks, but the latest findings, published in the Journal of Sexual Medicine, are the first to show it works by driving down homocysteine levels.The chemical is a vital building block of proteins and occurs naturally in the body.But excess levels, which can be caused by poor diet, are thought to damage blood vessels supplying the heart – raising the risk of a deadly clot forming.Researchers from the National Defence Medical Centre in Taiwan tracked more than 2,000 men and women, aged from 20 to 59.They analysed blood samples to measure levels of homocysteine and matched the results up with volunteers’ sexual activity. And last year experts at Boston University discovered the chances of a stroke jumped by almost a third in those with high readings.It has also been linked with Alzheimer’s disease and cancer. Want the best of The Telegraph direct to your email and WhatsApp? Sign up to our free twice-daily  Front Page newsletter and new  audio briefings. The results showed the lowest traces of the chemical were found in men claiming to have sex at least twice a week, while the highest readings were found in those restricted to less than once a month.center_img Show more Sex is good for the heart because it reduces the levels of a harmful chemical in the blood, scientists believe – but the effect is only seen in men.Having sex several times a week can cut lead to better circulation and healthier blood vessels in men, which researchers say is crucial for preventing a build-up of the chemical homocysteine.But scientists say women benefit much less because sexual arousal is less dependent on having a healthy blood flow, which is a key factor in keeping homocysteine under control.Heart disease is the biggest killer in Britain.  Increased sexual frequency could have a protective effect on general health and quality of life – especially in men – so doctors should support patients’ sexual activitylast_img read more